Banana : World’s  second largest fruit crop

Banana is the integral part of a person’s diet due to its economical prices. It is the common man’s fruit all over the world. But that doesn’t mean it lacks in nutritional values. Banana is abundant with essential nutrients and is good for digestion, heart health and helps to reduce weight.

The nutritional value of a Banana goes like this:

Potassium 9 % of the RDI, Vitamin C 9% of the RDI, Vitamin B6 33% of the RDI, Magnesium 8% of the RDI, Copper 10% of the RDI, Manganese 14% of the RDI, Net carbs 24 grams, Fiber 3.1 grams, Protein 1.3 grams, Fat 0.4 grams.

Banana is full of fiber called pectin. It gives it its structural form.  While the unripe banana consists of resistant starch which dodge  digestion as it acts like soluble fiber. Both will moderate blood sugar levels after meals.  Banana is rich in a  mineral called Potassium. It is vital for heart health and

reduces blood pressure levels.

Potassium is very important for the body, but many people are not receiving sufficient potassium through their food. Banana is rich source of it and daily intake can give you a healthy heart and controlled blood pressure. It also contains magnesium which is also important for the health of the heart.

Banana is said to be one of the earliest crops cultivated by human beings. Many theories are there regarding its origin, and is mainly said to be from the Southeast Asian region that may extend from India to Papua New Guinea.  It belongs to the largest  herb group of the world.

Banana due to its huge demand hold the status of being one of world’s important food crop and due to this wide market demand it is largely grown in tropical countries.


Figures reveal it as world’s second largest fruit crop and total gross is now more than 139 million tones. 

The world’s leading producers of banana are India, China, Uganda, Ecuador, Philippines, and Nigeria.

Banana farms also produce lots of by-products and wastes. After taking their fruits the farmers are left with lots of waste which can termed as by-products and wastes.  People in Asian countries use these by product in their daily life to wrap foods, as twine, making clothes and in various ceremonies related to religious practices. 

Banana Plantation also results in lots of agricultural waste or biomass.  Researches are on to churn out by-products from these and convert bio-waste and use it to make renewable energy, fiber composites, paper, textiles, food alternatives and livestock feed. 


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