Undoing the nuclear deal,  Trump bringing insecurity to the world

             In July 2015 Iran and other six nation negotiating group reached a pivotal agreement called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action in July 2015. This inking of agreement brought to an end the 12 years of impasse over Tehran’s nuclear program.

The six major powers that participated in the negotiation with Iran were in a group called as P5+1. It included UN Security’s five permanent members China, France, Russia, the UK and the US and Germany.

According to JCPOA, Iran accepted strict restrictions on its nuclear program in return for freedom from the real sanctions that were imposed on it that throttled its economy. As per the deal Iran unplugged two-thirds of its centrifuges and even shipped out 98% of its enriched uranium and filled its plutonium reactor with concrete. It also conceded to the condition of thorough monitoring by the International Atomic   

Energy Agency (IAEA). This agency had inspected more than 10 times since the  agreement. After everything were verified, nuclear related sanctions were lifted in January 2016. Thus Iran was able to restart its trade with global markets.

The advent of Donald Trump after the November 2016 US election, the deal‘s future was termed to be at stake Earlier during election campaign he promised to “dismantle the disastrous deal with Iran”. Many thought that he might be more strict and impose the deal more vehemently and thereby forcing Iran to violate the deal.

This January he hesitantly renounced a raft of sanctions against Iran as it was necessary for Congress for every 120 days. He said that it is the last chance and requested European countries to join with the United States in correcting important drawbacks in the deal.

Trump thinks that this is a bad deal 

and is not enough in dealing Iran’s  regional behavior, or its missile program. He is morally supported by a few in his coterie like national security advisor John Bolten and the secretary of state,  Mike Pompeo. Political critics believe that this is another example of how he is pulling apart Barack Obama’s legacy.

Mr. Trump on Tuesday called the deal decaying and rotten. He said US will ‘not be held hostage to nuclear blackmail” or allow “a regime that yells “Death to America” to get access to nuclear weapons.

Many critics are of the opinion that it is a medium –term plan and does not address Iran’s non-nuclear weapons and missile programs.

Trump’s foreign policy is belligerent compared to Obama’s foreign relations; it is in a flux rising and falling. It is conspicuous by its friendliness to Israel.

Nicholas Kristof,  columnist   in “The

 

New York Times” opined, ” This petty retreat from diplomacy is the most significant national security move Trump has made. It means that Trump is isolating the United States, not Iran,  and it increases the risk of military conflict down the road. If there is anything we should have learned avoid unnecessary wars in the Middle East – but Trump may be laying the groundwork for yet another.

His words has come true within a day. France has stated “Unacceptable” about the US decision to re-impose sanctions on companies trading with Iran. French foreign Minister Jean Yues Le Drian expressed shock and commented that European companies should not have to pay for the US decision. The foreign minister also said that the commitment of other partners to Iran deal should be given due respect.  His colleague in the ministry, Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire said that Europe has to protect its “economic sovereignty”.  He asked, “Do we want to be vassals deferring with courtesy and a bow to decisions made by the US so that the US polices the world economy? “ Britain, France and

Germany stated that  they will work with Iran to rescue the Iran nuclear agreement.

The US Treasury has given companies three to six months to close down their contracts, including purchases of Iranian oil. The French foreign minister opined that the effects of the US move were already being felt in rising oil costs and an increase in political uncertainties in the Middle East.

US close ally find this a golden chance and is utilizing the moment, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu seems in the gambit for a joint American –Israeli strike on Iraq.

Once more Trump is proving himself that he is prone to vandalism and is not a able ruler in leading the US. His move is less about foreign policy than about vandalism.

By destroying a deal that is working he is in another way destroying Obama’s legacy.  He is also jeopardizing the prevailing peace, bringing insecurity to Middle East resulting in rise of oil prices thereby destabilizing the economy of all countries.                 Bonnie Basil

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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